It’s challenging to think about the cause of your headache when you’re struggling with pain. But once you feel better, you would want to figure out the cause and prevent its future occurrence.
The fact is, there are various types of headaches caused by different factors. And you can only manage your condition if you know its cause or what triggers it.
Let’s have a look at some of the types and factors causing headaches, plus how you can manage them:
Types and Causes of Headaches
Headaches are common health problems most people face, and the severity can vary significantly. While some individuals experience mild discomfort, others may encounter life-threatening situations requiring emergency care. It’s important to distinguish between different types of headaches, as not all are indicative of conditions like malaria. For instance, some headaches may stem from underlying medical issues, necessitating consultation with a healthcare professional, such as a headache specialist in Houston, who can provide targeted treatment.
The pain from headaches can often be attributed to mixed signals between nerves and damaged blood vessels in the head. Understanding the root cause is crucial for effective management and relief.
Headaches are classified into two major classifications:
· Primary headaches
· Secondary headaches
These are headaches caused by over-activity of problems in the pain-sensitive part of your head. They may occur due to chemical reactions and the brain’s activities and blood vessels around your head. In other words, they aren’t symptoms of any underlying conditions or diseases.
Migraine headaches occur when your super-sensitive nerve and muscle endings create pain. They are often known as the pounding or throbbing painful headache that would last for about an hour or 3 days maximum. Alongside the pain, you may experience nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to noise, light, or smell. You may also have symptoms like loss of appetite, belly pain, or an upset stomach.
These are headaches that occur in groups and may appear more than once a day. They are characterized by intense piercing and burning pain behind your eyes, constant throbbing, and reddish eyes. Also, you may have a running or stuffed-up nose.
Tension headaches are characterized by dull aching head pain, pressure along the neck and forehead, and tenderness in your muscles, neck, or scalp. These are common types of headaches that strike when your head muscles and nerves are tightened. They are widespread in people with tight bands around their heads.
These are headaches that happen as a symptom of another condition or disease. Simply put, they are headaches activated by other health situations.
Here are some of the possible causes of secondary headaches:
· Brain tumour- growth of abnormal cells in your brain
· Acute sinusitis, also known as sinus headaches- Which happens due to the inflammation of the sinuses in your brain, causing deep and constant pain on your forehead and cheekbones
· A blood clot within the brain- venous thrombosis
Some would also result from head injuries and concussions, high blood vessels in your brain, infections, trauma, and sometimes medication overuse.
Additional Causes of Headaches
Some headaches would be triggered with specific lifestyle factors like;
· Emotional stress and depression
· Skipping meals
· Less sleep time or any change in your sleeping pattern
· Alcohol consumption, especially taking red wine
· Consuming processed foods like meat containing nitrates
· Bad or poor posture causing back and neck strain
Women can also experience some headaches due to shifts in hormone levels during pregnancy or menopause. Birth control, libido pills, and hormone replacement therapy are significant triggers of headaches.
Your environment can also lead to your headaches. For instance, exposure to tobacco smoke smells from perfumes or chemicals and allergies to various substances.
Having headaches does not necessarily mean you have malaria. Some headaches result from other infections, inflammation of the sinuses, stress, anxiety, depression, and hormonal changes. You may also experience headaches due to less sleep, lousy posture, skipping meals, or consuming processed meals with nitrates, among other factors.