Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

A rigorous and extensive examination of a specific issue or topic using scientific methods is referred to as research. It is a method of investigation in which a researcher discusses, anticipates, explains, and examines a specific issue or occurrence.

Non-scientific concerns such as social issues are also explored in addition to scientific themes and issues. This is why students in practically every subject and discipline are required to undertake research for their degree.

Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

There are two types of research methodologies used in this study: deductive and inductive. An inductive technique examines a problem or occurrence that has been noticed. A deductive procedure, on the other hand, confirms the observed occurrence. For both types of research methodologies, you can get writing help if you are unsure about writing them.

Types Of Research

There are several sorts of research undertaken on various issues and for various objectives. It is critical to remember that each issue necessitates a different style of study. The following are the most prevalent types of research.

Let us go through them in depth.

Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

Applied Research

Applied research is the form of study that looks for facts and opportunities for future exploration. This is experiment-based research that uses several concepts and theories to prove and confirm the answer provided by basic research.

This study style seeks answers and proposes appropriate solutions to problems. Case studies and experimental research are two critical components of this study, without which no applied research can be conducted.

This study’s main components are as follows:

  • Applied research seeks to investigate a specific research topic or case with a specific goal in mind.
  • It investigates all of the little and significant factors, like variables and data, that create a difference.
  • This study suggests a possible shift.
  • It discards and removes incorrect information.
  • The study is conducted in plain and basic terms.

There are three forms of applied research: quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research.

Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

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Quantitative Research

A study focusing on numbers, figures, and statistics is known as quantitative research. The quantitative data collected and obtained in this study is in the form of statistics, graphs, and tables. The acquired data is subsequently analyzed to produce findings.

This is a conclusive research method. The findings of this study can be repeated and quantified. This form of study is carried out for scientific and research-based field subjects.

The following sources provided data for this study:

  • Questionnaires
  • Surveys
  • Polls
Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

Qualitative Research

Qualitative research is a sort of study that is focused on ideas and data quality. This research is concerned with descriptions, and the chosen topic is referred to as prior studies and research.

The primary goal of this study is to analyze and explain a certain topic. The following qualitative data collection procedures are used in qualitative research:

  • Interviews
  • Case Studies
  • Ethnographic Research
  • Focused Groups

Mixed Research

This study employs both qualitative and quantitative methods. Each qualitative and quantitative study has limits, but combining the best of both yields more targeted findings.

In this study kind, the numerical data and theoretical concepts are analyzed utilizing a combination of approaches.

Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

Action Research

Action research is a sort of study that examines, assesses, and analyses institutional and organizational approaches. This is done to see whether the present data gathering techniques may be improved.

This type of study is typically conducted by instructors and educators in order to self-examine the learning approaches and teaching methods employed. The goal of this research is to enhance the system and the approaches utilized inside it.

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Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

Descriptive Research

Descriptive research is comparable to descriptive writing. Similarly, to how the essay depicts an event, the research describes an event and a phenomenon. The primary research topic investigated in this study, as well as the causes and justifications for it.

Under this study style, the number of persons in the sample population is thoroughly investigated. The goals of this study are to explain and characterize a phenomenon as well as to validate the findings.

The main purpose of descriptive research is to characterize current happenings or circumstances. In this form of study, the researcher has no influence over the factors and simply recounts what happens.

Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

Exploratory Research

This is the sort of study in which a problem or topic is investigated since there have been no previous studies on the subject. This research needs priorities to generate an operational definition and a better research model than the current one.

It primarily focuses on describing the literature research in detail and conducting an in-depth interview with the focus group of people. It might entail thoroughly researching a new phenomenon or notion.

Exploratory research primarily focuses on thoroughly discussing the study of the literature and conducting in-depth interviews with the focus group of people. It might entail thoroughly researching a new phenomenon or notion.

Exploratory research never yields a definitive solution to the research question. However, this study delves further into the subject. In other terms, exploratory research is a fundamental or preliminary step of the inquiry. As a conclusive study, exploratory research aids in sampling strategy, research design, and data collecting.

Furthermore, it aids in drawing inferences from the research design. It is also distinct from explanatory research.

Types Of Research Methodologies And Characteristics

Policy-Oriented Research

Policy-oriented research is a form of study that investigates public issues and attempts to address them using various ways. This research informs and comprehends current public challenges, which will aid in decision-making.

This study can result in helpful policy and the implementation of improvements. It’s social science research.

Fundamental Research

A straightforward examination of basic ideas or concepts is known as basic or fundamental research. That which is engaged in the occurrence of a certain problem, event, or phenomena. This type of study is also known as theoretical research.

This study kind of studies and investigates scientific concepts and ideas. The following are the outcomes of basic research:

  • It looks for broad facts and concepts.
  • Use simple approaches and procedures.
  • Explain the fundamental causes behind an event.
  • As much information and data as possible are gathered.


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